What is thrombophilia?
Thrombophilia is the increased tendency or predisposition of the person to develop thrombosis. Most people who have thrombophilia will never develop a thrombosis. At the same time, many people who are not thrombophilic may develop thrombosis.
Symptoms and causes Thrombophilia is not a disease, but a predisposition to the onset of a disease (ie thrombosis). This means that it does not manifest with any obvious symptoms. Thrombophilic people may develop venous thrombosis of the legs and pulmonary embolism. Thrombophilia may be due to hereditary or other acquired factors. It can even be a combination of heredity and these elements. The common causes are:
- Venous insufficiency
- Inflammatory diseases
- Use of venous catheters Immobilization for a long time
- Use of specific drugs Cardiovascular diseases
Diagnosis and examinations
The diagnosis of thrombophilia is made by the competent doctor who is the hematologist. A complete diagnosis requires a thorough individual and family history and laboratory tests. The laboratory test includes the control of all mutations for hereditary thrombophilia as well as some hematological parameters for acquired thrombophilia. In case of pregnancy, continuous and monthly monitoring with blood tests of the pregnant woman is considered necessary.
The treatment of thrombophilia can be either pharmaceutical or not. Medication methods include taking anticoagulants. The doctor will choose depending on the individual history of the patient which treatment is most suitable for him.
Non-pharmacological methods of preventing thrombosis due to thrombophilia include smoking cessation, avoidance of very high temperatures and long hours of standing, as well as continuous hydration of the body.